# Programming Essentials Python - Basic Programming Constructs - Tasks - Data Types and Operators

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This article will cover the fundamental operators in Python, specifically focusing on Arithmetic and Comparison Operators. By the end of this article, you will have a clear understanding of how these operators work and how to use them in your Python code.

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## Key Concepts Explanation

In this section, we will delve into the key concepts of Arithmetic and Comparison Operators with code examples.

### Arithmetic Operators

Arithmetic Operators are used to perform mathematical operations in Python.

• Subtraction (-): Subtracts second operand from the first
• Multiplication (*): Multiplies two operands
• Division (/): Divides the first operand by the second
• Mod (%): Returns the remainder of the division
• Concatenation: (+) is also used for concatenation of strings

### Comparison Operators

Comparison Operators are used to compare two values and typically return a boolean value (True or False).

• Equals (==): Returns True if two operands are equal
• Not Equals (!=): Returns True if two operands are not equal
• Negation (!): Returns the opposite of the expression
• Greater Than (>): Returns True if the first operand is greater than the second
• Less Than (<): Returns True if the first operand is less than the second
• Greater Than or Equals To (>=): Returns True if the first operand is greater than or equal to the second
• Less Than or Equals To (<=): Returns True if the first operand is less than or equal to the second

Letâ€™s practice some hands-on tasks to solidify our understanding of Python arithmetic and comparison operators.

1. Create variables or objects of int, float.

2. Add two integers together and check the result type.

3. Add two floats together and check the result type.

4. Add an integer and a float together and check the result type.

5. Perform a string concatenation and check the result.

6. Compare two integers and check the result type.

## Conclusion

In this article, we covered the essential arithmetic and comparison operators in Python, along with practical examples to reinforce learning. Remember to practice these concepts and engage with the Python community for further support and exploration. Happy coding!

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